Science of the environment integrates important information from many different fields, such as biology, geography, chemistry, geology, physics, economics, sociology, natural resources management, law, and politics.

Environmental sustainability has never been more important than it is today. Sustainability is therefore a central theme of Science of the Environment.

Interactions among different components of the environment are many and complex. Therefore, an important other theme of science of the environment are environmental systems. Understanding how change to one component affects other processes, places and organisms is essential to managing existing problems, avoiding future problems, and improving the world we live in.