Population

  • Define population and population ecology.
  • Define growth rate (r)
  • Use intrinsic rate of increase, exponential population growth, and carrying capacity to explain the differences between J-shaped and S-shaped growth curves.
  • Distinguish between density-dependent and density-independent factors that affect population size and give examples of each.
  • Describe some of the density-dependent factors that may affect boom-or-bust population cycles.
  • Define survivorship and describe type I, type II, and type III survivorship curves.
  • Define metapopulation, and distinguish between source and sink habitats.
  • Define demography and summarize the history of human population growth.
  • Identify Thomas Malthus, summarize his ideas on human population growth, and explain why he may or may not be correct.
  • Explain why it is impossible to determine precisely how many people Earth can support.
  • Explain how highly developed and developing countries differ in population characteristics such as infant mortality rate, total fertility
    rate, and age structure.
  • Explain how population growth momentum works.
  • Relate carrying capacity to agricultural productivity.
  • Define food insecurity and relate human population to chronic hunger.
  • Describe the relationship between economic development and population growth.
  • Define culture and explain how total fertility rate and cultural values are related.
  • Define gender inequality and relate the social and economic status of women to total fertility rate.
  • Explain how the availability of family planning services affects total fertility rate.
  • Compare how the governments of China and India have tried to slow human population growth.
  • Define population growth momentum and explain its role in Mexico’s and Nigeria’s population growth.
  • Describe population concerns in Europe.
  • Describe at least four of the Millennium Development Goals that came out of the U.N. Millennium Summit.
  • Explain how individuals can adopt voluntary simplicity to mitigate the effects of population growth.
  • Define urbanization and describe trends in the distribution of people in rural and urban areas.
  • Distinguish between megacities and urban agglomerations.
  • Describe some of the problems associated with the rapid growth rates of large urban areas.
  • Explain how cities are analyzed from an ecosystem perspective.
  • Describe brownfields.
  • Define compact development.
  • Discuss the use of zoning in land use planning.
  • Relate how a city’s transportation infrastructure affects urban development.
  • Define suburban sprawl and discuss a problem caused or exacerbated by sprawl.
  • List at least five characteristics of an ideal sustainable city.
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